Diet plays a crucial role in influencing hypothyroidism. Certain nutrients, such as selenium and zinc, have the potential to enhance thyroid function, whereas others may exacerbate or disrupt treatments for hypothyroidism.

Food suitable for hypothyroidism

Having hypothyroidism means that the body does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Read more about hypothyroidism symptoms and who is at risk. However, certain nutrients, found in specific foods, can help those who are experiencing hypothyroidism symptoms.


Iodine is an essential mineral for the production of thyroid hormones. An iodine deficiency increases the risk of hypothyroidism. Iodine-rich foods include:

  • Seaweed
  • Seafood
  • Dairy products
  • Iodised salt


This antioxidant mineral protects the thyroid from damage and promotes hormone production. Good sources of selenium are:

  • Brazil nuts
  • Eggs
  • Fish
  • Poultry


Another crucial player in hormone synthesis, zinc is abundant in:

  • Oysters
  • Beef
  • Lamb
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Chickpeas

Vitamin D

This sunshine vitamin helps regulate the immune system and affects thyroid health. Rich sources of vitamin D are:

  • Fatty fish
  • Eggs
  • Fortified foods like milk
  • Yoghurt


This amino acid is a precursor to thyroid hormones. Tyrosine can be found in:

  • Chicken
  • Turkey
  • Fish
  • Eggs
  • Dairy products

Hypothyroidism: Foods to approach with caution

While some foods can be beneficial, others can potentially hinder thyroid function.

  • Soy products: Soy contains goitrogens, which can interfere with iodine absorption. Opt for fermented soy products like tempeh and miso in moderation.
  • Cruciferous vegetables: Broccoli, kale and Brussels sprouts are nutrient powerhouses, but their goitrogen content may require moderate consumption for those with an iodine deficiency.
  • Gluten-containing grains: For those with gluten sensitivity or celiac disease, gluten can trigger inflammation that may impact thyroid function.

Take charge of your thyroid health

DocHQ’s comprehensive at-home Thyroid Check empowers you with valuable insights into your thyroid function. This convenient test measures key markers like thyroid-stimulating hormone and serum free thyroxine, providing a clear picture of your hormone levels and potential imbalances.